Bash: Clean Movie Folders

Here is another script to help clean up movie folders.  Until recently, I preferred having all of my movies in the same directory.  After switching to Plex Media Server, I soon realized that Plex downloads fanart and other related movie files.  The issue is that all of these additional files were also in the main movie directory.  The following script went through and created a sub-directory for each movie name and then the second half moved the files into their respective folder.

for i in `find . -maxdepth 1 -type f -printf ‘%f\n’ |sed “s/^\(.*\)\..*$/\1/”`; do mkdir $i; done
for i in `find . -maxdepth 1 -type f -printf ‘%f\n’ |sed “s/^\(.*\)\..*$/\1/”`; do mv $i* $i; done

Obtaining SSL Encryption Certificates for Apache on Arch Linux

This has been an issue for me for quite some time. I have been trying to get SSL working and get valid certificates so that I could secure a few things and offer better security. Additionally, these days, having secure http is an added benefit. Most web-based server functions prefer the use of https over http for the extra security as well.

Here is how I got SSL and the proper encryption installed on Arch Linux with Apache.

First, Install what you need (assuming that you already have [LAMP]( stack).

yaourt -S certbot certbot-apache acme-tiny letsencrypt-cli openssl

Next, you need to obtain the certificates. Also, I port forwarded 80 and 443 through the router to the server. This would be a good time to make sure that port forward is good or else this won’t work properly.

certbot certonly --email --webroot -w /srv/http/site1/ -d,

If you have received the congratulations message, then you should have certificates in the designated folder. (Mine were located in /etc/letsencrypt/live/

Now we have to activate/use the certificates through Apache.

Edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and uncomment the following (I use nano and ctrl+w to search):

<span style="font-family: 'courier new', courier, monospace;">LoadModule ssl_module modules/
LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/
Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf</span>

and, while you’re in httpd.conf, search for Listen 80 and add Listen 443 right below that line.

Now, this might seem like a duplication of effort, but it was the only way I got this to work:

In /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf, find the Virtual Host Context section, and add your VirtualHost server information as follows:

DocumentRoot "/srv/http/"
ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/error_log"
TransferLog "/var/log/httpd/access_log"
SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile "/etc/letsencrypt/live/"
SSLCertificateKeyFile "/etc/letsencrypt/live/"
#SSLCACertificatePath "/etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt"
#SSLCACertificateFile "/etc/httpd/conf/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt"

Note, the only two files you have to reference from your certificates are fullchain and privkey.

And, the last thing before you restart all of your services is to add a separate VirtualServer in your httpd-vhosts.conf file. Edit /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-vhost.conf and add a second VirtualHost for the same website but with *:443 instead of *:80. Additionally, you are going to need to add your certificate information as well. Look below as an example:

     SSLEngine on
     SSLCertificateFile "/etc/letsencrypt/live/"
     SSLCertificateKeyFile "/etc/letsencrypt/live/"

Notice I added the SSL stuff in the second VirtualHost entry.

Now, if you chose, you can remove everything from the non-encrypted VirtualHost and add the following line below the ServerName to redirect all traffic to secure connections.

Redirect /

Hopefully, this helps get your SSL encryption working.

Switching to Google Domains

After doing some research, I found that Google now offers a dynamic DNS service with their beta addition, ‘Domains‘.  The transition was fairly simple, with a few minor hangups on some of the configuration.  They have a fairly simplistic configuration page, but it’s highly customizable and clean.  The only downfall is; there wasn’t a lot of documentation on the setup procedure and what was provided was didn’t cover a few topics that could make the process frustrating.

When reading about the DDNS setup, the guide refers to most everything with in the resource (www) as the subdomain.  The guide alludes to the simplistic setup by adding an ‘@’ as in the sub domain block to setup the DDNS.  After configuring your ddclient.conf and adding the domain name, you’ll notice that the update doesn’t work properly.  Maybe it’s just me, but I don’t consider www as a sub domain (or maybe it’s all just a play on words in my own head).  Anyway, to sum this part up, don’t use ‘@’; use www in the sub domain block to properly setup your DDNS configuration.

The configuration of ddclient.conf was another process all in itself.  I am running my webserver on arch linux and maybe there hasn’t been a push for ddclient to have support for Google Domains yet.  I tried using the recommended configuration for Google Domains, but that didn’t push any updates for DDNS to match my IP address.  Long story short, I had to use the alternate configuration ‘without Google Domains support’ but making a slight modification to the use by adding the web for obtaining the IP address.

use=web, web=

I had been receiving errors that I couldn’t get my IP address. Not sure if it was a local network NAT issue caused by my modem and router of if it was operator error, but regardless, the above configuration worked (sort of).

The last thing I noticed was; ddclient likes to have the password enclosed with the single quote marks.  Note that all of the ddclient config examples (on their wiki and on Google Domains) doesn’t show these marks around the password.  My recommendation is; add them!  The end result of my configuration file for ddclient looked like this:

use=web, web=